Navigating a successful business exit when a marriage ends in divorce often presents challenges for both parties. Leaving aside the emotional tensions present in divorce, resolving conflicts regarding the ownership of business interests in the marital estate is also daunting. This post therefore reviews options for divorcing spouses to in their divorce proceeding. If couples can ratchet down the emotions and the acrimony, the tools discussed in this post may help allow the couple to optimize the financial outcome of their divorce settlement and preserve the value of the company they own or in which they share a large ownership stake.
The Valuation Dilemma
The most contentious business issue in many divorce proceedings is the value of the business that must be divided as part of the divorce settlement. Valuation is an inexact science, and the divorcing couple can easily spend hundreds of thousands of dollars on expert and legal fees battling it out over the value of one or more private companies included in the marital estate. This challenging issue is not subject to any easy fix. But there are some options the couple may want to consider before engaging in an expensive and time-consuming valuation battle.
(a) Marital Agreements. Couples can eliminate the private company valuation battle by entering into a marital agreement that specifies what specific assets will be shared on divorce, or what amounts will be paid, and the agreement can also specific how the value of any assets will be determined. While a pre-nup is more common, couples can also agree to enter into a post-nup that details a property division and removes any conflict regarding the valuation of specific assets. Texas statutes set forth strict requirements to follow for marital agreements be enforceable. See Chapter 4 of the Texas Family Code
(b) Designated Valuation Expert. The couple can agree to pre-select and designate a valuation expert they both trust to conduct the valuation for them and to be bound by whatever value is determined by this mutual, trusted expert. Alternatively, there are variations on this approach, which give the couple the right to retain valuation experts if they don’t like the value that is determined by the designated expert and the results of these additional experts will then be averaged to determine the final value.